Vein & Vascular Conditions

What are Varicose Veins?

Varicose veins are swollen, dark blue or purple blood vessels you can see and feel beneath the skin. They often look like twisted cords, and usually appear on the calves, inside of the legs and ankles. Varicose veins form when the valves within a vein weaken and allow blood to flow backward. The vein weakens under the additional strain and balloons outward, raising the skin’s surface.

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What are Spider & Reticular Veins?

Spider veins, also known as telangiectasias, are small, thin blood vessels visible beneath the skin. They commonly appear on the face or leg, in a shape similar to a spider or a spider web, in either red or blue. In most cases, spider veins are unsightly, causing no other issues. Some patients, however, may experience aching, burning, swelling, and cramping from spider veins.

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What are Venous Leg Ulcers?

Venous leg ulcers develop on the lower leg, most often between the ankle and calf, as a complication of long-term untreated venous insufficiency. Venous insufficiency is a condition in which blood flow in the veins is impeded by damaged valves. The weakened valves permit a back flow of blood, or venous reflux.

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What Causes Leg Pain and Swelling

Leg swelling (edema) generally occurs because of an abnormal accumulation of fluid in tissues of the lower extremities. Symptoms that can be associated with leg swelling include leg pain, numbness, redness, itching, rash, shortness of breath, and ulceration of the skin. Generally, leg pain is a result of tissue inflammation that is caused by injury or disease.

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